Handy-dandy fingerprint terminology reference…
The definitions are longer and more detailed at the link.
What Is a Patent Fingerprint? (AZCentral)
If you’re in the business of crime scene investigation or forensic lab analysis, you have to know your fingerprint terminology. Fingerprints are complex natural patterns, and fingerprint professionals use a sophisticated jargon to describe their appearance.
Patent Fingerprint – visible image of a person’s fingertip left on a surface as a result of residue on the finger.
Plastic Fingerprint – impression left in a pliable substance, such as clay, wax or wet paint.
Latent Fingerprint – print left on a surface as the result of natural oils on the skin
Exemplar Fingerprint – deliberate print specifically made as part of a record